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  • 园林景观设计对于园林苗木移栽注意事项
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2019-04-04
    一、 园林景观设计公司精耕细作
    I. Intensive cultivation of Landscape Design Company
    对土壤请求精耕细作,植树造林用的土地常常不是熟地良田,更需求停止深翻,深度在40厘米~50厘米,以便疏松土壤,增加蓄水保墒的才能。整地要细致,采用沟植的请求整成程度沟,以利灌溉,也比拟美观。
    For intensive cultivation of soils, the land used for afforestation is often not a good ripe land, but also needs to stop deep ploughing, the depth of 40 cm to 50 cm, in order to loosen the soil, increase the ability of water storage and moisture conservation. Land preparation should be meticulous, and furrow planting request should be used to make furrows in order to facilitate irrigation, which is also comparable to beautiful.
    二、 园林景观设计公司树种的选择
    Selection of Tree Species in Landscape Design Company
    要思索到树木植株枝叶的颜色、形态、风姿,使之与四周环境相谐和,起到美化的作用,既要思索到树木的抗污、抗毒、净化空气的特殊功用,又要思索到树种能否顺应土壤性质,如柳树耐湿性强,栽培散布广。土壤贫瘠的可栽植白榆、松、柏、荆条、杜鹃类等;土层较肥厚的可栽植杨树、核桃楸、椴木等;盐碱地可停止改进换土,栽种耐盐碱树种,如沙棘、榆树、家杨、小叶杨等,苗木必需强健,无病虫害。
    Consider the color, shape and style of the branches and leaves of trees to harmonize with the surroundings and beautify the environment. Consider not only the special functions of trees in anti-pollution, anti-poison and air purification, but also whether the species can adapt to the nature of soil, such as willow with strong moisture tolerance and wide cultivation. Poor soil can be planted elm, pine, cypress, bramble, Rhododendron and so on; thicker soil can be planted poplar, walnut, basswood and so on; saline-alkali land can stop improving soil exchange, planting Saline-Alkali-Tolerant tree species, such as seabuckthorn, elm, poplar, small-leaf poplar, etc., seedlings must be strong, disease-free and insect pests.
    三、园林景观设计公司起苗办法
    3. Ways to Start a Seedling of Landscape Design Company
    1、裸根起苗法:这种办法适用于大多数阔叶树在休眠期的移植,其优点是保管根系比拟完好,便于操作,俭省人力和物力,运输便当。
    园林建筑工程
    1. Bare-root seedling method: This method is suitable for transplantation of most broad-leaved trees during dormancy. Its advantages are that the roots are well preserved, easy to operate, saving manpower and material resources, and convenient transportation.
    2、带土球起苗法:栽植成活率,但其施工费用高。大苗移植时,普通土球直径是植株头径的2倍~3倍。
    2. Soil ball seedling raising method: the survival rate of planting, but its construction cost is high. When large seedlings were transplanted, the diameter of common earth bulbs was 2-3 times that of plant head.
    四、园林景观设计公司树木的修剪
    4. Tree pruning in Landscape Design Company
    普通来说,起苗过程中不能带上完好土球的,应将植株老根、烂根剪除,把裸根沾上泥浆,再用湿草和草袋包裹,在装车前剪除枯黄枝叶,依据土球完好水平恰当剪除局部茎干,以至可截干,再分离截枝整形等办法,最大水平保其成活。
    Generally speaking, the old and rotten roots of the plant should be cut off, the bare roots should be dipped in mud, then wrapped in wet grass and straw bags, and the withered yellow branches and leaves should be cut off before loading. The local stems should be cut off properly according to the sound level of the bulbs, so that they can be truncated, then separated, truncated and shaped to maximize their survival.
    五、园林景观设计公司树木的包装、运输与假植
    Packing, Transportation and Planting of Trees in Landscape Design Company
    移植规格较大的带土球树木 胸径普通在10厘米~15厘米之间,或对宝贵难成活的树种要做好包装。可用草包、麻袋、尼龙袋等软质资料包装。在包装过程中,留意要把苗木根对根放在包装资料上,并在根间加潮湿物。当苗木的重量到达50公斤,将苗木卷成捆,用绳子捆住,捆时不要太紧,以利于通透空气。苗木的运输要疾速及时,防止风天运苗。运输途中坚持行车平稳,较长间隔运输时,中途停车应停在树荫下,且经常给苗木喷水;长间隔运输,大苗必需带土坨。苗木如不能及时定植,必需假植。假植时使苗向背风方向倾斜,用潮湿的土壤将苗木埋土并用脚踩实,埋土厚30厘米~40厘米。苗木在假植期间,应留意经常浇水、看守,普通针叶树采用全埋法,行将苗木全埋入土中;阔叶树普通埋全苗的2/3。
    Transplantation of large-sized earth-ball trees is usually between 10 cm and 15 cm in diameter at breast height, or the valuable and difficult-to-survive tree species should be well packaged. It can be packed with soft materials such as straw bags, hemp bags and nylon bags. In the packaging process, pay attention to the root-to-root of the seedlings on the packaging materials, and add moisture between the roots. When the weight of the seedlings reaches 50 kg, roll the seedlings into bundles and tie them with ropes. Do not tie them too tightly so as to facilitate air permeability. Transportation of seedlings should be prompt and timely to prevent the wind and weather from transporting seedlings. During the transportation, the traffic should be smooth. When the transportation is long, the midway parking should be under the shade of trees, and the seedlings are often sprayed with water. When the transportation is long, the seedlings must be carried with soil. If seedlings can not be planted in time, they must be planted in sham. When artificial planting, the seedlings are inclined to the leeward direction. The seedlings are buried in moist soil and pressed with their feet. The thickness of the buried soil is 30 cm to 40 cm. During the period of artificial planting, the seedlings should be watered and guarded regularly. Ordinary conifers should be buried completely in the soil by the method of full burial, and broadleaved trees should be buried 2/3 of the total seedlings.
    六、园林景观设计公司树木的栽植
    6. Tree Planting in Landscape Design Company
    树坑直径应比树苗的根幅大1/3,肃清坑内杂物。株行距应因林木用处而定,如防护林用2米×2米;株行距尽量笔直对称;树身垂直;裸根苗栽植时,埋土到一定深度后,应将苗木悄悄向上提拉,埋后浇水;带土球苗栽植时,不得砸土球。
    The diameter of the pit should be 1/3 larger than the root width of the seedlings, and the sundries in the pit should be removed. Tree spacing should be determined by the use of trees, such as shelter forests with 2 m x 2 m; plant spacing as straight and symmetrical as possible; tree body vertical; Bare-rooted seedlings planting, buried to a certain depth, should be quietly upward pull seedlings, buried after watering; with earthball seedlings planting, must not smash earth balls.
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    This article is supported by landscape architecture. For more details, please click on our official website http://www.sdhuiyun.com. We will provide you with satisfactory service wholeheartedly.

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