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  • 食品洁净室设计和车间净化工程如何进行施工?
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2019-04-12
    一、食品干净厂房设计阐明:
    1. The design of clean food plant is described as follows:
    食品干净车间最好能与外界隔离,不能穿行或受其他要素干扰。食品无菌车间大小依需求而定,普通由更衣间、缓冲间、风淋室和操作间组成。更衣间放在外,主要供改换衣帽、鞋子等;缓冲间位于更衣间与风淋室之间,也可同时和几个操作间相通;操作间放在内间,主要供产品灌装,房间应不受日光直射,大小恰当,高度适合(详细依据消费设备的高度肯定)。房间过大,打扫和消毒不便;过小,操作不便;顶部过高会影响紫外线的有效灭菌效果。墙壁应润滑无死角,以便清洗和消毒。食品无菌车间应为密闭式并坚持车间静压差为正压,设置空气消毒用的紫外线灯、空气过滤净化器和恒温安装。
    Food clean workshop is best isolated from the outside world, and can not be traveled or interfered by other factors. The size of food aseptic workshop depends on the demand. It usually consists of dressing room, buffer room, air shower room and operation room. The locker room is outside, mainly for changing clothes, hats, shoes and so on; the buffer room is between the locker room and the air shower room, and can also be connected with several operations at the same time; the operation room is inside, mainly for filling products, the room should not be directly exposed to sunlight, the size is appropriate, highly suitable (according to the height of consumer equipment in detail). Excessive room size, inconvenient cleaning and disinfection; too small, inconvenient operation; too high top will affect the effectiveness of ultraviolet sterilization. The walls should be lubricated without dead corners for cleaning and disinfection. Food aseptic workshop should be sealed and the static pressure difference should be positive. Ultraviolet lamp, air filter and purifier for air disinfection should be installed at constant temperature.
    二、建筑平面布置阐明:
    2. Plane layout of buildings:
    建筑平面设置应该属建筑专业的专业范畴,但由于食品干净车间请求人、物分流,并要坚持各干净操作间静压梯度,因而,该工程中建筑平面请求具备以下几点:
    Building plane setting should belong to the professional field of architecture, but due to the diversion of applicants and materials in food cleaning workshop and the static pressure gradient in each clean operation room, the building plane requirement in this project has the following points:
    1、各净化操作间集中设置独立前室为气闸,气闸室与各操作间同时相通,确保低干净区的空气不向高干净区浸透。
    1. Independent front chambers are centrally installed in each purification operation room as air gates, which are connected with each operation room at the same time to ensure that the air in low-clean areas is not immersed in high-clean areas.
    2、实验室的人流经过更衣室更衣换鞋→清洗间洗手→缓冲间→风淋室→各操作室。
    2. The flow of people in the laboratory passes through the changing room, changing shoes, washing room, washroom, buffer room, air shower room and operation rooms.
    空气净化工程
    3、食品无菌车间物流由外走廊经过机械连锁自消毒传送窗消毒后进入缓冲走廊后再经过传送窗进入各操作室。
    3. The logistics of food aseptic workshop is disinfected by the external corridor through the mechanical chain self-disinfecting transmission window, then enters the buffer corridor, and then enters the operation rooms through the transmission window.
    三、关于车间的构造
    3. On the Construction of Workshops
    依据《干净厂房设计标准》车间的墙体和吊顶必需采用不产尘、不积尘外表平滑的资料施工,并且不能在车间中存在死角。
    According to "Clean Workshop Design Standard", the wall and ceiling of workshop must be constructed with dustproof and dustproof materials, and there should be no dead corner in the workshop.
    四、关于车间空中
    IV. About Workshop Air
    空中采用溶剂型环氧树脂,强度C20以上,外表密实,无起沙、空鼓、裂痕。颜色艳丽,防静电性能恒久不变,可接受中等以下载荷,耐高温。在满足运用的根底上,能够起到装饰的作用,耐磨、耐洗刷、防尘、防滑、性能优秀,颜色和光泽平均分歧。
    Solvent epoxy resin is used in the air. Its strength is over C20, and its appearance is compact. There is no sand, empty drum and crack. Brilliant color, constant anti-static performance, acceptable load below medium, high temperature resistance. On the basis of satisfying the application, it can play the role of decoration, wear-resistant, wash-resistant, dust-proof, skid-proof, excellent performance, average color and luster divergence.
    五、通风空气净化设备:
    V. Ventilation and air purification equipment:
    干净厂房依照标准请求,设计一送回风系统。机房设在厂房顶侧(依据实地状况,可采用单元式净化系统的,不用设机房),各送回风循环风管在技术夹层内与空调机组衔接成系统。送回风管道采用优质镀锌钢板,经风阀软衔接。镀锌钢板风管现场制造。
    Clean plant design a supply and return air system according to the standard request. The machine room is located on the top of the workshop (according to the actual situation, the unit purification system can be used, without the machine room). The air supply and return circulation ducts are connected with the air conditioning units in the technical interlayer. High quality galvanized steel sheet is used in the air supply and return pipeline, and the air valve is soft connected. The galvanized steel air duct is manufactured on site.
    六、照明
    Six. Lighting
    干净区应采用吸顶式净化灯具,非干净区采用普通荧光灯。设计各房间内照明,紫外灯独立控制,并均由电气控制箱控制,再由总配电柜集中控制;室内照明均采用密闭照明灯组;插座盘均采用嵌入式;室内无明线敷设。
    Clean area should adopt top-suction lamp and non-clean area should adopt ordinary fluorescent lamp. The design of indoor lighting, ultraviolet light independent control, and are controlled by electrical control box, then centralized control by the main distribution cabinet; indoor lighting are closed lighting group; socket panels are embedded; indoor open line laying.
    1、食品工业对人员、物料的动线有明白的规则,不可穿插活动,物料活动需设置专用的物料传送口或传送门;人员活动需走专用的人员通道。
    1. Food industry has clear rules for the movement of personnel and materials, and can not be interpenetrated. Material activities need to set up special material conveyor ports or ports; personnel activities need to take special personnel channels.
    2、依照消费工艺和卫生、质量请求,划分干净级别。
    2. Classify cleanliness according to the requirements of consumer technology, hygiene and quality.
    3、对液体加工车间,需特别留意冲洗招致的污渍残留于装置铝型材内,夏天产生霉臭,需做特别处置。
    3. For the liquid processing workshop, special attention should be paid to the stains caused by rinsing remaining in the aluminium profiles of the plant, which produce mildew and odor in summer and need special treatment.
    4、人员洗手龙头须非手动式(感应、脚踏或手衬式),消费车间进口必要时需设工作靴消毒池。
    4. Personnel washing faucets should be non-manual (induction, pedal or hand-lining type), and when imported from consumer workshops, disinfection pools for working boots should be set up.
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